Small Pet Blog Posts

Is your rabbit sick?

Is your rabbit sick?

Rabbits naturally hide illnesses from predators and so do our domestic rabbits. You need to pay close attention to your rabbit’s behavior and eating habits. If your rabbit is not eating/drinking/pooping/peeing, these are serious symptoms. Take your rabbit to a rabbit-savvy vet immediately. A change in either of these is a a sign to take your rabbit to the vet. Do not wait for the “illness” to pass, many issues are deadly and will cause death within 24 hours of onset.

Signs your rabbit is sickWeepy Eyes
Dental ProblemsBladder Problems
E.Cunculi ParasiteCoccidea Parasite
Fleas, Mites, Ticks & WormsRespiratory Issues
EnterotoxemiaAbscesses
FlystrikeDiarrhea
Rabbit Litter Box Training

Rabbit Litter Box Training

It is very easy to litter train a rabbit, but you need to spay or neuter your rabbit first. It’s almost impossible to litter train an un-spayed or un-neutered rabbit.

Males can be sterilized from 14 weeks old, best to do it when their balls drop.

Females may only be spayed at 6 months old, doing this before is putting your rabbit at risk.

Litter tray items

Newspaper

Eco wood pellets (Fireplace Eco wood pellets)

Large litter box, the bigger it is the easier to litter train.

Do not use

Cat litter

Pine shavings

Clay litter

Setting up the litter box

Line the bottom of the tray with a few sheets of newspaper

Add the eco wood pellets on top.

 Add 3 or 4 sheets of newspaper on top of pellets

Add hay on top

Most effective, if you place the litter tray against a wall, and the hay on the side of the litter tray furthest from the wall. The reason for this is rabbits, like to have their backs protected and they always eat where they poop. So with the hay being at the front of the litter tray, it avoids them pooping and peeing over all the hay.

Encourage eating

Top up the hay a few times a day, fresh hay encourages eating.

 Changing the top sheets of newspaper daily.

Eco wood pellets need to be changed twice a week, or more frequently depending on how many bunnies are sharing a tray.

How to litter train your rabbit

When training your rabbit you will need to start them off in a small area, or a bedroom before giving the full reign of the house and preferably an area without carpet, but rather tiles where you can place washable anti slip mats or towels down for your rabbit to lie on.

Place towels or blankets on slippery floors

 Trim your bunny’s nails to make it easier to walk on tiles

 Place multiple litter boxes in the areas your rabbit is choosing to pee in

You will need to keep your rabbit in this confined space for a while. Your rabbit will urinate and poop outside the litter box for a while.

 Pick up all stray poops and chuck them in the litter box.

 If your rabbit is urinating outside the litter box, wipe the floor with vinegar and move the litter box into the area your rabbit has chosen to urinate in.

 Cleaning up accidents as quickly as possible will be more beneficial to litter training.

Let the litter box stay a little dirtier than usual to encourage your rabbit to keep using it, changing the tray to quickly during training will make your rabbit think they are not supposed to use it.

Encourage your rabbit with a very tiny treat (one pellet) each time they use the litter box to urinate. Always talk to your rabbit positively when they use the litter box.

Once your rabbit is using the litter box fully, you can expand the area or give full reign of the house and having multiple litter boxes in each room your rabbits has access to, will provide for successful litter training.

If you catch your rabbit urinating outside their litter box, pick your rabbit up and place them in their litter box. Don’t shout at your rabbit, rather praise them once inside the litter box.

Rabbit Pellets

Rabbit Pellets

Pellets

Rabbits should never be fed muesli mixes as they cannot properly digest corn, peas and seeds. The types of mixes are low in fibre and will lead to dental issues and deadly digestive disorders and a large nutritional deficiency. Feeding these mixes will shorten the life span of your rabbit.

Avoid cheap based pellets as these contain a large amount of alfalfa (Lucerne) which can cause bladder stones and other issues due to the high calcium content.

Feed your rabbit non muesli mixes such as Burgess Excel nuggets, oxbow rabbit food. These can be fed daily and in addition to hay and grass.

Feeding:

25 grams for a 1 kg rabbit, 37.5 grams for a 1.5 kg rabbit, 50 grams for a 2kg rabbit, 70 grams for a 3kg rabbit and so forth.

For pregnant, nursing or rabbits younger than 6 months of age, pellets should be available all day due rabbits requiring the extra calcium for development.

*Please note that these are guidelines.  If you have questions about your pet’s daily feeding regimen, please contact your veterinarian for more specific feeding information.

Rabbit Hay & Grass

Rabbit Hay & Grass

Hay

Grass or hay contains a large amount of fibre which is vital for your rabbit’s digestive system whist also promoting good dental health. Rabbits teeth constantly grow and as such require large amounts to keep teeth trimmed. Not providing unlimited fresh hay or grass their teeth will over grow causing dental disorders, reduce eating and lead to deadly digestive issues.

Fresh hay or grass must be provided in unlimited quantities, available at all times and not be provided in compressed formats such as biscuits, pellets etc.

They will learn to love their hay and will be happier & healthier for it. Do not mistake straw for hay. Although rabbits may eat straw, it has no nutritional value. An average rabbit’s diet should consist of unlimited hay and grass, 1-2 cups safe veggies/greens, 1 egg cup quality, non-muesli pellets, tsp. of occasional fruit/treats.

Types of hay:

Timothy hay (Burgess UK brand provides this, which we have in stock), oat hay, teff hay  and orchard grass.

Caution:

Alfalfa (Lucerne) is not so much a hay but rather a legume, which contains a large amount of calcium, providing this to adult rabbits can lead to bladder stones, bladder sludge and other issues.

Alfalfa (Lucerne) can be provided in addition to hay to pregnant, nursing rabbits who need the calcium for development of their babies, or to baby rabbits younger than 6 months of age.

Allergies:

Please test that you don’t have allergies to hay before getting a rabbit, this is one of the main reasons that rabbits are dumped, rehomed or sent to shelters.

If you are unsure whether you have allergies to grass hay, buy a bag of grass hay (Timothy, teff and oat) and keep it open in your home to test for any reaction

 

 

What Rabbit Pellets should you feed your bunny?

What Rabbit Pellets should you feed your bunny?

Pellets

Rabbits should never be fed muesli mixes as they cannot properly digest corn, peas and seeds. The types of mixes are low in fibre and will lead to dental issues and deadly digestive disorders and a large nutritional deficiency. Feeding these mixes will shorten the life span of your rabbit.

Avoid cheap based pellets as these contain a large amount of alfalfa (Lucerne) which can cause bladder stones and other issues due to the high calcium content.

Feed your rabbit non muesli mixes such as Burgess Excel nuggets, oxbow rabbit food, science select. These can be fed daily and in addition to hay and grass.

Feeding:

25 grams for a 1 kg rabbit, 37.5 grams for a 1.5 kg rabbit, 50 grams for a 2kg rabbit, 70 grams for a 3kg rabbit and so forth.For pregnant, nursing or rabbits younger than 6 months of age, pellets should be available all day due rabbits requiring the extra calcium for development. *Please note that these are guidelines.  If you have questions about your pet’s daily feeding regimen, please contact your veterinarian for more specific feeding information.